An Overview on Nanotechnology Materials

Things used for daily necessities used to be so simple, uncomplicated, and easy to use. But over time, out of man’s effort to improve his living conditions including his total wellness, more and more scientific and technological inventions were formulated and are now used at present time. Nanotechnology is one of the technologies applied for the improvement of several essential tools and equipment and even the simplest products available in the market we thought casual.

Nanotechnology refers to all the researches and studies being conducted in advance scientific laboratories that aim to produce nanotechnology materials to enhance the living conditions of man. Nanotechnology is also known as the science of small things or the development and engineering of functional systems at a molecular scale.

Where Can Nanotechnology Be Applied?

Basically, nanotechnology is used in most of the things we use today. Some of these things are still in the process of development while others are already enhanced and widely used in the fields of science and technology, medicine, electronics, industrial engineering, environment protection, and even in military. Nanotechnology is a complicated aspect of technology coupled with tremendous controversy and peppered with moral questions. But if handled and administered properly, nanotechnology can be very useful most people are even enjoying its research outcomes.

What Are Nanotechnology Materials?

Nanoscience and nanotechnology are basically concerned with new or enhanced functional materials that can be beneficial to man. These materials are called nanotechnology materials or nanomaterials. There are different approaches to construct nanomaterials. These approaches are the following:

  • Reduction of large materials to small structures or top-down technique. Another way of doing this is the bottom-up technique. This is done by allowing atoms to arrange themselves or self-assemble to come up with functional structures out of their natural properties.
  • Another approach is by using tools to help the molecules move individually. This process has greater construction control but laborious and not applicable for industrial uses.

The Different Dimensions of Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials are those that have structural components that have at least one dimension less than 100 nanometers. Nanomaterials have different dimensions, the single or one dimension, double dimension or two dimension, and three dimension nanomaterials. Examples of nanomaterials with different dimensions are the following:

One Dimension

  • Surface coatings
  • Engineered surfaces
  • Thin films

Two Dimension

  • Carbon nanotubes or CNT
  • Inorganic nanotubes
  • Biopolymers
  • Nanowires

Three Dimensions

  • Quantum dots
  • Nanoparticles
  • Fullerenes or carbon 60
  • Dendrimers
  • Precipitates
  • Colloids

Applications of Nanotechnology Materials

While several of nanomaterials are still on the process of being developed and researched in various laboratories in the world, some of these nanomaterials are already being used in different areas in the society. You might be surprised that some of the products of extensive researches are right inside your very home.  The applications of nanomaterials are divided into three categories: the current applications that include cosmetics, tougher tools, composites, clay, and coatings. Short-term applications comprise of fuel cells, batteries, catalysts, paints, fuel additives, and displays, among others. Long-term application of nanomaterials include lubricants, magnetic materials, medical implants, machinable ceramics, water purification, nanotube composites, and military battle suits.

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